The Traceroute command is a network utility that allows you to observe a query’s complete path. In this article, we will take a detailed look at it and why it is so beneficial to do it.
Traceroute command – definition
The Traceroute command is a basic command-line program that displays each hop of a query from your machine to the destination – an IP address or a domain name. It calculates a probe’s route and returns the result.
The query will traverse the Internet, passing from one router to the next until it reaches its destination. Your computer will send packets to each hop and get responses to them. In this way, you’ll get data for each of the points along the trip, from your device to the destination.
How does it work?
When you use the Traceroute command, your device will start sending data packets from your IP address. Before reaching its destination, it will make numerous hops, such as a hostname or IP address (IPv4 or IPv6). The software will use a shorter time-to-live (TTL) value and will monitor ICMP replays. The probing operation will continue until a message emerges that says “port unreachable” (ICMP) or “rest” (TCP), identifying a host. As a result, you’ll get the addresses, TTLs, and round time per probe for each hop. You will notice further information if you use some of the additional options.
Why is the Traceroute command beneficial?
Despite its tiny size, the Traceroute utility software can provide significant benefits:
- The item is small and light. Other software with a more appealing graphic interface is available, but the Traceroute stands out for its small size and quick reaction.
- Show you the entire route to your chosen destination. It may display each hop’s hostname and IP address, as well as the amount of time it takes for each of these points. On the way, you’ll notice a slow router. If you have authority over that network infrastructure component, the knowledge may help improve your network.
- On the way, you’ll notice a slow router. If you have authority over that network infrastructure component, the knowledge may be useful in improving your network.
How to run it on different Operating Systems?
The syntax and output are not the same, despite the functionality being the same. Follow the steps below to run a Traceroute command on a Windows, Linux, or macOS:
- On Windows
Click on the Start button and then type in the search “CMD”. The Control Panel should appear. In it, write “tracert” followed by a target to trace a route to a location
- On Linux
First, open the Linux Terminal. You may need to install the Traceroute if it is not currently installed. In Ubuntu, for example, “sudo apt-get install traceroute” is the command for installing it. Then, when you already get it, write the Traceroute command with the IP address or domain name.
- On macOS
In the Mac Operating System, it is the same process. You have first to open the Terminal and then to type the command.
We can infer that the Traceroute command is effortless but really important. It will show you critical information about your search destination. So, don’t lose time and make it happen!